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Half Sovereign

1853 - 56

Sydney Mint

Type I

The discovery of gold in the colony New South Wales in 1851 prompted a surge of immigration amongprospector seeking wealth in the new colony. While the lands were resource rich, the colony lacked the facilities to monetise the gold and the process in sending the gold to London for monetisation was slow and expensive.To help resolve this, the Royal mint sought to open a branch in Sydney so that the gold would not need to be shipped to London to be coined. The Sydney mint opened in 1855 in the rear of the Rum Hospital, situated on Macquarie Street in the Sydney CBD(Sydney Mint Museum, 2017).

The first business strike half sovereigns struck at the Sydney Mint were dated 1855 and 1856. Rather than using copper to harden the metal as the Royal Mint did, the Sydney Mint used silver(Melbourne Museum Discovery Centre, 2008). The reverse design featured a banksia wreath tied into a bow, below and surrounding the word AUSTRALIA; these are positioned below a crown with the legend SYDNEY MINT and HALF SOVEREIGN encircling the entire design. This was the only time a colony would ever deviate from the imperial design though it was short-lived with the Sydney Mint reverting to the imperial shield design in 1871.

While the 1856 has a relatively high mintage, the 1855 is extremely scarce with a tiny mintage of just 21,000 pieces. This makes it highly desirable to on both domestic and international markets with strong competition whenever a better example comes on the market.

The Sydney mint series is marked by low survival rates, likely due to the gold-silver alloy giving them a higher intrinsic value than their face value making it profitable to melt them down for their metal content. This gold-silver alloy continued for the entire series despite official protests to the Colonial Treasurer by Sydney based chemist Charles Watt with the Mint Master arguing that the extra value from the silver content was a decided advantage(Watt, C., Ward E. W. and Lane, H., 1863).

The Royal Mint produced 4 patterns dated 1853 which feature a slightly different reverse design, only one pair of sovereign and half sovereign exist in private hands.

Melbourne Museum Discovery Centre, 2008The number of coins struck of a particular designationThe tails side of the coinWatt, C., Ward E. W. and Lane, H., 1863Sydney Mint Museum, 2017

 MintageVG8F12VF20XF40AU50AU55AU58MS62MS63MS64MS651855 21,0003905401,80062,000110,000190,000260,000380,000420,000470,000520,0001856 478,0006307009001,9003,00010,00013,00020,00022,00024,00026,0001856 Alternate Reverse478,000*9805,00010,00077,000200,000340,000460,000680,000750,000830,000920,0001856/5 OverdateIncl. in above            MintagePR63PR64PR651853 4 known   Values are in AUD and are retail price estimations based on past sales of coins certified by PCGS or NGC and as such values only related to such graded coins. Uncertified coins or coins graded by other services would likely be worth significantly less. For wholesale pricing please refer to the Red Sheet. While all attempts to ensure accurate pricing, data entry errors can occur and as such no warranty is expressed or implied as to the accuracy of any information published on this website. It is important to verify all published sales to ensure the accuracy of the pricing when making any purchase decision. Any personal information provided to us is protected by the Privacy Act 1988.