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Arthur Phillip

1987

The Arthur Phillip 1987 Two Hundred Dollar coin was issued to commemorate Phillip's departure from England two hundred years earlier in 1787. The reverse features a portrait of Arthur Phillip with the legend "ARTHUR PHILLIP 1787 TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS" and includes a map of the British Isles. The obverse features the Arnold Machin portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II, right-facing, crowned with necklace and earrings. The obverse legend states "ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987".

Arthur Phillip was born in 1738 in London, England. In his early years, he attended the Greenwich school for the sons of seamen. His progress all revolved around seamanship and eventually served two years apprenticeship at sea under Captain Redhead aboard the Fortune. He rose through the ranks during the Seven Year War. Over the next fifteen years he served sporadically for the Navy, but most of his focus was taken with farming. He also married and divorced during this time. He served with the Portuguese fleet as Captain and was given command of a ship bound for India too.

Whilst surveying for the Admiralty, he was appointed as governor of New South Wales on the 12th October 1786. His maturity and commanding presence had placed him in this position. He commanded the First Fleet which included the flagship HMS Sirius, HMS Supply, Charlotte, Scarborough and Friendship. There were 11 ships that made up the First Fleet and they all left Great Britain in order to establish the first European Colony on Australia on 13th May 1787. The entire journey which included stops at Tenerife, Rio de Janeiro and the Cape of Good Hope took a total of 252 days. On board all 11 ships were a total of 1044 passengers. This was made up of officers, their families, free settlers and convicts. During his five years as governor, he was diligent and methodical.

Eventually, ill-health meant a return to England which took place in December 1792. His outstanding achievement was highly commended. After his health had been restored, he was given a last task to help the New South Wales colony. He was ordered to assemble another company to service the colony within the New South Wales Corps. He continued to be unofficially consulted on matters pertaining to the colony for some time. Ill-health had prevented him returning to the colony as he had wished to do. He did, however, return to Naval duties and continued through the ranks until he retired in 1805. He passed away on the 31st August 1814, three months after receiving his last promotion to Admiral of the Blue.

The tails side of the coinThe inscription around the inner edge of the coinThe heads side of the coin(Wikipedia, 2013)

 MintageAU50AU55AU58MS64MS65MS66MS67MS68MS691987 11,000          MintagePR65DCAMPR66DCAMPR67DCAMPR68DCAMPR69DCAMPR70DCAM1987 Proof20,800920930930940940950Values are in AUD and are retail price estimations based on past sales of coins certified by PCGS or NGC and as such values only related to such graded coins. Uncertified coins or coins graded by other services would likely be worth significantly less. For wholesale pricing please refer to the Red Sheet. While all attempts to ensure accurate pricing, data entry errors can occur and as such no warranty is expressed or implied as to the accuracy of any information published on this website. It is important to verify all published sales to ensure the accuracy of the pricing when making any purchase decision. Any personal information provided to us is protected by the Privacy Act 1988.