In recognition of the importance of wheat to Australia the Royal Australian
Wheat farming was initiated on the Adelaide Plains in the late 1830's. For decades, Southern Australian wheat farmers have experienced excessive dry spells due to lack of rain coupled with nutrient deficient soil. Thus crops often became contaminated as well as choked out by foreign weed like vegetation. In spite of numerous agricultural obstacles as well as global financial declines and armed conflicts blocking and deterring their foreign buyers, Southern Australian wheat growers have managed to harvest a quality wheat crop. Farmers quickly learned from previous years about the perils they encountered. Government research coupled with resourceful and astute farmers enabled innovations and continued improvements in farming methods. In the areas where there was higher rainfall, phosphate fertilisers were utilised as well as boom sprays and air seeders to cultivate and harvest the wheat crop in a prompt, convenient and timely manner. Southern Australia became independently sustained very rapidly from an economic standpoint due to enormous wheat production.
Southern Australian Wheat Farming is now classified as a self sustaining, profitable, proficient and intelligence based enterprise. Agricultural obstacles based on Australian climate and terrain still arise and confront farmers. Based on 170 years of a consistent quality wheat crop the Southern Australian Wheat Farming industry should be able to overcome these agricultural obstacles and remain a key producer of wheat and a valuable provider and supplier to the Australian financial system and world food trading posts. Australian wheat will be vital in its assistance of providing nourishment to all people globally (Government of South Australia, 2014) .