coin celebrates 60 years since the end of World War II, a conflict in which Australia was heavily involved, both in Europe and at home. This twenty cent coin is entitled
and represents the feelings of all Australians on receiving news that the war was over and everyone who was still involved would be returning home. The image sculpted into this coin is based on a photograph featuring a young girl meeting her father for the first time on his return home from war. Along with her mother, the family embrace with smiles on their faces. In 1939, World War II began as Germany invaded Poland, resulting in Britain and France declaring war on Germany. The move was not totally unexpected and throughout the 1930's tensions were running high between various countries around the world. Not only was Germany planning to expand through Europe by means of military conquest but so was Italy. Meanwhile Japan were intending to conquer Asia and the Pacific. Australia's involvement came fairly early on, and as soon as Britain declared war Australia stood up in support of the British Empire. Throughout the war over a million Australians took part, either overseas or as part of operations based at home, and this included both men and women. Of this number 32,429 died and 66,563 were wounded, and 20 men were awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery
(Returned Services League, 2007).
The war against Germany and Italy resulted in Australians fighting all over Europe, the Mediterranean, and North Africa. They were simultaneously fighting the Japanese in South-east Asia and the Pacific as well as protecting the Australian mainland. This was the first time that the mainland had come under direct attack as the north-west was targeted by Japanese aircraft bombers, and Sydney harbor targeted by submarines. Although willing and ready to show their support where needed, Australia was not particularly well prepared for war. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) was the first to get involved in Italy; this was followed by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) in the Battle of Britain. The Army entered into combat in the Mediterranean and North Africa. When Darwin was bombed in 1942 the RAN returned to defend the mainland, and both army and RAAF presence increased. During this time women were permitted to take on war work and became more actively involved as nurses and doctors, as well as members of the military in the air force, navy and army. 30,000 Australians were held as prisoners of war with well over half of these captured by the Japanese who treated them terribly and led to the deaths of more than a third of those captured. Germany surrendered in May 1945, but for Australia World War II was not over until the Japanese surrendered in August 1945.
This coin was released for general circulation and was also included in the 2005 Six Coin Year Sets, which, in this particular year, celebrated 60 years since the end of World War II. There were four sets released by the Royal Australian Mint containing this coin, each with a different finish. These were a 6 coin
coin set, the year's
, a silver
, and a gold
proof set. The 2005 Six Gold Coin Proof set had a limited
of just 629, whilst the silver
was higher at 6,200, and the
higher again at 46,404. In each of the sets the coins were displayed in a beautiful presentation case with a booklet of information and certificate of authenticity included. The other special commemorative coins that featured in this set were a one dollar coin named
and a fifty cent coin named
of this twenty cent end of war commemorative coin was designed by Vladimir Gottwald who used an image from a famous photograph from the period of time after the war. A nationwide hunt was conducted in order to find the girl in the picture; she was identified as Jacquie Dowling who, in the photograph, along with her mother was welcoming home her father who had been a prisoner of war for a number of years. The
surrounding the iconic image reads
WORLD WAR 1939-1945 COMING HOME. At the bottom of the coin is the denomination
of the coin features the Ian Rank-Broadley portrait of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II with the surrounding
ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005.
MintageAU50AU55AU58MS64MS65MS66MS67MS68MS692005 32,161,0261.802.8048.701024294853MintagePR65DCAMPR66DCAMPR67DCAMPR68DCAMPR69DCAMPR70DCAM2005 Gold Proof6292005 Proof46,40418212530462302005 Silver Proof6,200464850525467Values are in AUD and are retail price estimations based on past sales of coins certified by PCGS or NGC and as such values only related to such graded coins. Uncertified coins or coins graded by other services would likely be worth significantly less. For wholesale pricing please refer to the Red Sheet. While all attempts to ensure accurate pricing, data entry errors can occur and as such no warranty is expressed or implied as to the accuracy of any information published on this website. It is important to verify all published sales to ensure the accuracy of the pricing when making any purchase decision. Any personal information provided to us is protected by the Privacy Act 1988.