Red SheetSubscribeWhat is my coin worth?About Back to One Dollar

Howard Florey


Howard Florey was born in Adelaide, Australia on the 24th September 1898 and died aged 69 in Oxford, England on the 21st February 1968. During his lifetime, he achieved what most men never thought possible. He became a pharmacologist and pathologist in Australia and while working alongside Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain, discovered Penicillin. To mark this man's historic success, the Royal Australian Mint struck this commemorative one dollar. The reverse was designed by Vladimir Gottwald and features the portrait of Lord Florey with the mintmark positioned to the left of his neck and the denomination 1 dollar on the right. The base of the reverse has the legend, HOWARD FLOREY CENTENARY. The obverse features the Raphael Maklouf effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II along with the legend ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998.The coin was issued in five counter-stamped varieties; Sydney (S), Melbourne (M), Canberra (C), Brisbane (B), and Adelaide (A).

Adelaide (A) counter-stamp on 1998-A One Dollar (Howard Florey) piece.

To give him his full title, Sir Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey of Adelaide OM FRS FRCP. Although this is impressive, he was much more than just a title. Sir Robert Menzies described him as the most important man ever born in Australia. Although penicillin was first discovered by Alexander Fleming back in 1928, it was Ernst Chain and Howard Florey that purified it for general use. For this achievement, the three of them shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 (History Learning Site, 2014). The consequence of the introduction of penicillin during World War II is immeasurable as before the discovery, it had been difficult to treat wounded and diseased soldiers in combat zones. The list of honours bestowed upon Howard Florey is quite extensive. There are lecture halls, prizes and awards, 50 dollar bills, hospital wards and even a town named after him in the Australian Capital Territory. He was knighted in 1944 and was also made a life peer just 3 years before he died. This honour would put his standing above that of Sir Alexander Fleming and shows recognition for the millions of lives he had saved through his work.

A coin struck differing from the standard design to commemorate an eventThe tails side of the coinA marking, usually a letter or dot that signifies which mint struck a particular coinThe inscription around the inner edge of the coinThe heads side of the coin(History Learning Site, 2014)

 MintageAU50AU55AU58MS64MS65MS66MS67MS68MS691998-S 44,080232525272727271508501998-M 21,809171717283135512309601998-C 77,035161717242632391404301998-B 29,9142324242526261508404,1001998-A 21,12028303234353550220960 MintagePR65DCAMPR66DCAMPR67DCAMPR68DCAMPR69DCAMPR70DCAM1998 Silver Proof11,6449698100100100350Values are in AUD and are retail price estimations based on past sales of coins certified by PCGS or NGC and as such values only related to such graded coins. Uncertified coins or coins graded by other services would likely be worth significantly less. For wholesale pricing please refer to the Red Sheet. While all attempts to ensure accurate pricing, data entry errors can occur and as such no warranty is expressed or implied as to the accuracy of any information published on this website. It is important to verify all published sales to ensure the accuracy of the pricing when making any purchase decision. Any personal information provided to us is protected by the Privacy Act 1988.