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1988 - 90

The Bicentenary one dollar coin was issued in 1988 to commemorate 200 years since the arrival of the First Fleet in New South Wales. In 1988 there was much celebration and a number of coins and medallions were issued to pay tribute to 200 years of European settlement in Australia. One example is this commemorative one dollar coin, which was issued by the Royal Australian Mint, Canberra to mark the day that First Fleet arrived in New South Wales - January 26th, 1788.

The reverse of the coin was designed by Stuart Devlin and represents an aboriginal style Kangaroo painting. The obverse features the Raphael Maklouf portrait of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, right-facing, crowned with necklace and earrings. Surrounding her effigy is the legend"ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988". A booklet is included with the coin, which contains a description of the coin and some information pertaining to the First Fleet. The coin was also issued in 1989 as part of the Fifty Cents Masterpieces in Silver collection.

There were 11 ships that made up the First Fleet and they all left Great Britain in order to establish the first European Colony in Australia on 13th May 1787. The entire journey which included stops at Tenerife, Rio de Janeiro and the Cape of Good Hope took a total of 252 days. On board all 11 ships were a total of 1044 passengers. This was made up of officers, their families, free settlers and convicts (Wikipedia, 2013). The fleet was commanded by Captain Arthur Phillip who would become the first Governor of the colony at New South Wales and included the flagship HMS Sirius, HMS Supply, Charlotte, Scarborough and Friendship. The ships arrived over a 3 day period with HMS Supply arriving first on Botany Bay on the 18th January and the final ships of the fleet arriving on the 20th. Despite 48 people dying on route, the voyage was considered extremely successful as not a single ship was lost. It soon became evident that Botany Bay was not a suitable location to start the colony as they were unprotected, fresh water was sparse and the soil was poor. Phillip's went searching for somewhere more suitable and on the 26th January, the colony was moved to Port Jackson. The 26th of January is celebrated annually as Australia Day.

A coin struck differing from the standard design to commemorate an eventThe tails side of the coinThe heads side of the coinThe inscription around the inner edge of the coin(Wikipedia, 2013)

 MintageAU50AU55AU58MS64MS65MS66MS67MS68MS691988 20,717,6421616162325283057270 MintagePR65DCAMPR66DCAMPR67DCAMPR68DCAMPR69DCAMPR70DCAM1988 Proof133,01836435263928101988 Silver Proof24,97075767879801201990 Silver Proof23,551343434357086Values are in AUD and are retail price estimations based on past sales of coins certified by PCGS or NGC and as such values only related to such graded coins. Uncertified coins or coins graded by other services would likely be worth significantly less. For wholesale pricing please refer to the Red Sheet. While all attempts to ensure accurate pricing, data entry errors can occur and as such no warranty is expressed or implied as to the accuracy of any information published on this website. It is important to verify all published sales to ensure the accuracy of the pricing when making any purchase decision. Any personal information provided to us is protected by the Privacy Act 1988.