The Gallipoli Campaign and the ANZAC tradition that emerged has development into a major component of the Australian national identity. As part of the larger commemoration of a hundred years of ANZAC the Royal Australian
The Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War is often considered to be the rapturous beginning of the Australian and New Zealand national consciousnesses. It took place on the Gallipoli peninsula which was controlled by the German-allied Ottoman Empire. Beginning with landings on the 25th of April 1915 the operation, which included soldiers from the UK, France, Australia, New Zealand and British India, attempted to capture Constantinople (Istanbul). The offensive was a catastrophic failure with the allied powers being largely pinned to the Turkish coastline and sustaining exceptionally large casualties. Regardless of the wartime realities, the event fostered a national identity for Australia and New Zealand based on hardship and resilience. The 25th of April is today celebrated as ANZAC (Australian New Zealand Army Corps) Day.